Apr 222015
 

I’ve wanted to get some temperature stats for some of my boxes for a while now to replace my aging Cacti install.
Since I already had Zabbix, that was the first place I looked for the functionality, however it does not have any templates set up out of the box, so I decided to set up my own templates for Temperature monitoring via SNMP.

I’m using Zabbix 2.2 at the moment, but the instructions should be applicable to 2.4 as well.
I’m using the Linux SNMP agent to get the temperature stats – the relevant packages on Debian are snmpd and lm-sensors.

First Things first

We need to install the snmp daemon if not already installed – apt-get install snmpd lm-sensors
After installing those the snmp daemon and lm-sensors, you may need to run sensors-detect to make sure the sensors are configured correctly.

Once the snmp daemon and lm-sensors is configured, running a snmpwalk for temperatures should result in something like this –

user@debian:~$ snmpwalk -v 2c -c public 127.0.0.1 1.3.6.1.4.1.2021.13.16.2
iso.3.6.1.4.1.2021.13.16.2.1.1.1 = INTEGER: 1
iso.3.6.1.4.1.2021.13.16.2.1.1.2 = INTEGER: 2
iso.3.6.1.4.1.2021.13.16.2.1.1.16 = INTEGER: 16
iso.3.6.1.4.1.2021.13.16.2.1.1.17 = INTEGER: 17
iso.3.6.1.4.1.2021.13.16.2.1.1.18 = INTEGER: 18
iso.3.6.1.4.1.2021.13.16.2.1.2.1 = STRING: "Core 0"
iso.3.6.1.4.1.2021.13.16.2.1.2.2 = STRING: "Core 1"
iso.3.6.1.4.1.2021.13.16.2.1.2.16 = STRING: "temp1"
iso.3.6.1.4.1.2021.13.16.2.1.2.17 = STRING: "temp2"
iso.3.6.1.4.1.2021.13.16.2.1.2.18 = STRING: "temp3"
iso.3.6.1.4.1.2021.13.16.2.1.3.1 = Gauge32: 39000
iso.3.6.1.4.1.2021.13.16.2.1.3.2 = Gauge32: 36000
iso.3.6.1.4.1.2021.13.16.2.1.3.16 = Gauge32: 39000
iso.3.6.1.4.1.2021.13.16.2.1.3.17 = Gauge32: 42000
iso.3.6.1.4.1.2021.13.16.2.1.3.18 = Gauge32: 4294965296

It looks like gibberish at a glance, but it’s actually telling us that it can detect 5 sensors.
The top 5 lines – the ones that have INTEGER are the identifiers for the sensors,
The next 5 lines – the ones that have STRING are the names of the sensors,
and the last 5 lines are the values of the sensors to 3 decimal places, just without the actual decimal point.

So that’s the Linux part all set up. On to Zabbix…

Zabbix Configuration

Regex

First up, we need to setup a RegEx to catch the sensors we want to monitor. In my case, I wanted to monitor all of them so I used the following regex which I named Sensors for Discovery –
^(temp[0-9]*|Core [0-9]*)$
The RegEx configuration is located in the Admin Tab, then drop down the menu on the right to get to “Regular expressions”

Template

Once that is done, we’ll need to create a new template. I’ve called mine “Template SNMP Sensors” and added it into the group “Templates”.
Create a new Discovery rule on the Template with the following settings
discovery rule

I’ve used {#SNMPVALUE} for the Macro, and @Sensors for Discovery for the Regexp.
You can use any value for the Key, that is a value internal to Zabbix.
And to save you some typing, the SNMP OID that is in the image is .1.3.6.1.4.1.2021.13.16.2.1.2

Item Prototype

Once the Discovery Rule is setup, you will need to create an Item prototype.
Here’s one I prepared earlier
item prototype

Again, the Key is internal to Zabbix, however the [{#SNMPVALUE}] is essential.
And again, here’s the SNMP OID to save some typing – .1.3.6.1.4.1.2021.13.16.2.1.3.{#SNMPINDEX}

Apply the Template

Once the Discovery and Item Prototype is setup, you’ll need to apply the template to a server in order for Zabbix to discover the sensors.
Once the sensors are discovered, they should show up in latest data with some values. The discovery itself may take a while unless you adjust the Interval on the Discovery Rule in the Template.
latest data

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Mar 222013
 

Hi everyone, sorry for the lack of updates !
Been a bit busy at home but I’ll try and post up a few of my ideas in the coming weeks.
I am also running low on bandwidth ๐Ÿ™ Hopefully my blog will last until the end of the month !

At the moment I have the below ideas on my to-do list of blog posts, if anyone wants anything similar to these, please don’t hesitate to drop me a request in the comments ๐Ÿ™‚

Video ideas –
Mounting a USB stick as the root partition

Post ideas –
Mounting a USB stick as the root partition
Pi as a ADSL router
Pi as a wifi client bridge
Pi as a standalone wifi point with a welcome page
Readonly Pi

I’ll keep this list updated as I think of more ideas, at least in the meantime ๐Ÿ˜€

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